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- Landscape of Suwałki
  Region

- In the Wigry region
- Suwałki landscape
  park

- The Biebrza valley
- Augustów Primeval
  Forest

- The Augustów Canal
- Romincka Primeval
  Forest

- Rivers of Suwałki
  Region

- Suwałki
- Augustów
- Sejny
- The most precious...
  The most beautiful...

- Sacral architecture
- Historical towns
- Villages, hamlets and
  farmhouses...

- Lithuanian culture
- Old-believers
- As for the folklore...
- Agrotourism
- High quality tourism
- Have a good hunt
- Holidays and fishing
- Bloodless hunting
- Holidays in Suwałki
  Region

- One day in Lithuania
 
Historical towns

Wandering through Suwałki Region, every now and again, one meets on his way places which bear a strong resemblance to little borderland towns with a market square, streets, brick buildings and a yard in front of a grand church.The market in Raczki / Photo: K. Grabowski Briefly speaking, such spatial arrangement is typical of town-planning. And the truth is that a lot of present villages situated along the Rospuda valley (Raczki, Bakałarzewo, Filipów) used to be towns. So did the nearby Przerośl and a more northerly Wiżajny. In the Sejny district this small-town circle is closed with Puńsk, Berżniki and Sejny itself. Only Sejny is still a town. The other towns mentioned lost their civic rights. Puńsk - because of the wish of its townspeople. Prussian government deprived Berżniki of the status of a town in 1805. The other towns lost their civic rights as a result of Tsar's punishment for taking part in the January Uprising of 1863. One glance at a map is enough to see that these 19th - century little towns, together with Augustów, form a circle around Suwałki Region. On the south it is closed with Lipsk and Sztabin, the latter no longer being a town. Such spatial arrangement of towns on the outer edges of the post-Jatzvingian territory shows how colonization of the primeval forests spread. The whole area of the forests belonged to the king. Large tracts of these lands were given to meritorious courtiers and mighty Lithuanian houses already in the times of King Zygmunt Stary. The portico of former palace in Dowspuda / Photo: K. GrabowskiHere, manors and villages were built, of which the best-situated were changed into towns. Some of them like Augustów or Przerośl were created on king's order. All towns were centers for administration, craft and trade. At the same time they functioned as centers of colonization of the middle part of Suwałki Region, at those times covered with primeval forest. Different nations such as Mazovians from Poland, Lithuanians and Russians from the east all colonized this area, which resulted in considerable amalgamation of people. The towns were inhabited by Poles, Jews, Germans, and in Sejny Region also by Lithuanians.

Historical towns - info

Old towns of Suwałki Region, except for Berżniki and Szczebra, are presently the seats of commune administration. At the same time, they function as local centers of trade, craft service and healthcare. Catholics have here their parishes and churches.
Here is a list of places which used to have civic rights: Bakałarzewo, Berżniki, Filipów, Jeleniewo, Krasnopol, Przerośl, Puńsk, Szczebra, Sztabin and Wiżajny. All of them, except for Berżniki and Szczebra have kept the character of small towns, with old spatial arrangement (the market square and outlet streets). Apart from churches and a few tenement-houses from the 19th century, they do not have any precious monuments.
It is easy to get to these towns. Asphalt roads and bus lines from Augustów, Sejny and Suwałki cross all these towns. We can suggest a few of them as holiday villages, for example Bakałarzewo, Filipów, Przerośl and Wiżajny.

Bakałarzewo - till 1870 - a town, nowadays a commune village situated by the Rospuda River and on Lake Sumowo. A brick church from 1936, with late-Renaissance altar form the 16th century. In the village: a pharmacy, a bank, a health care center (tel. 569 40 06), a post office (tel. 569 40 30), a police station (tel. 569 40 07), Commune Council (tel. 569 40 23); moreover, shops and a bar "Carmen".
Filipów - a town between 1570-1870; now - a commune village, situated by the Rospuda River (26 km from Suwałki). A monumental, classicist brick church (from 1842). A good bus connection with Suwałki, Olecko, Gołdap, Giżycko and Węgorzewo. In the village: a pharmacy and health care center (tel. 569 60 43), a bank, a post office (tel. 569 60 20), a police station (tel. 569 60 70), Commune Council (tel. 569 60 81); besides a bar "Jedzonko jak Słonko", numerous shops, agrotourist houses, a beach on Lake Kamienne with a campsite.
Jeleniewo - a town between 1780-1800; now - a commune village near the border of Suwałki Landscape Park. A monumental wooden church from 1878. In the neighbourhood - many agrotourist houses. In the village: a bank (tel. 568 30 79), a health care center (tel. 568 30 56), a post office (tel. 568 30 20), a police station (tel. 568 30 70), a restaurant "Pod Jelonkiem" (tel. 568 30 21), shops, a filling station, Commune Council (tel. 568 30 22).
Krasnopol - from 1782 till the beginning of the 19th century - a town. It is situated by the road Suwałki - Ogrodniki border crossing. Two monumental sites: a classicist church from 1862 and a synagogue from the middle of the 19th century. In the village: a pharmacy (tel. 516 40 11), a bank (tel. 516 40 18), a post office (tel. 516 40 60), a police station (tel. 516 40 07), Town Council (tel. 516 40 10); also shops, a bar "Wiking", agrotourist houses nearby.
Przerośl - between 1576-1970 - a town; now a commune village on Lake Kościelne. Near the church - an old, wooden belfry. In the nearby Pawłówka there is the biggest boulder in Suwałki Region. In the village: a bank (tel. 569 10 02), a health care center (tel. 569 10 08), a post office (tel. 569 10 48), a police station (tel. 569 10 25), Commune Council (tel. 569 10 19). Also: shops, a bar "U Marka", agrotourist houses, a beach.
Puńsk - between 1647-1852 - a town; now a commune village, the capital of Polish Lithuanians. A monumental Neo-Gothic church from 1881, a small ethnographic park (a Lithuanian farm) and museum. In the village: a pharmacy (tel. 516 11 04), a bank (tel. 516 10 26), a post office (tel. 516 10 29), a police station (tel. 516 10 07), a restaurant "Sodas", (tel. 516 13 15), a filling station (tel. 516 10 22), Commune Council (tel. 516 10 48); also shops, a bar, agrotourist houses.
Sztabin - a commune village, earlier - a private town of Chreptowicze family. A Neo-Gothic church from 1910. In the nearby Cisów - a mansion of count Karol Brzostowski from 1835. In the village: a pharmacy and health care center (tel. 641 20 13), a bank (tel. 641 24 99), a post office (tel. 641 20 48), a police station (tel. 641 20 97), a filling station (tel. 641 21 53), Commune Council (tel. 641 20 36); also shops, a bar "Meksyk".
Wiżajny - a town between the end of the 16th century and 1870; now - a commune village. A classicist church from 1825 and a monumental belfry; an obelisk commemorating Marshal Józef Piłsudski. In the village: a pharmacy (tel. 568 81 03), a bank (tel. 568 80 52), a health care center (tel. 568 80 06), a post office (tel. 568 80 64), a police station (tel. 568 80 07), the Border Guard (tel. 568 80 09), Commune Council (tel. 568 80 49); also shops, catering facilities, numerous agrotourist houses, a few campsites.

Tourist information and agrotourist rooms reservation

SIRT, Suwałki tel./fax 566 54 94
The Society For Sejny and Sejny Region Development "Ziemia Sejneńska", Sejny tel./fax 516 34 00
The Society For Wiżajny Commune and Its Area Development, Wiżajny 568 80 78















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